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Pronouns in Vietnamese (Basic)

Updated: Sep 1, 2020

In Vietnamese, the word pronoun translates to đại từ nhân xưng (lit. pronoun person-calling) or đại từ xưng hô (lit. pronoun calling).

Unlike English, Vietnamese pronouns change depending on gender, age, and attitude. That said, depending on the situation, certain pronouns are more natural to say than others. Since this is a broad topic, I will cover it in multiple lessons.

This is the first lesson of the series. Let's first learn about the basic Vietnamese pronouns.

Here they are:

Tôi (I) Bạn (You) Anh ấy (He) Cô ấy (She) (It) Chúng tôi (We) Các bạn (You) plural Họ (They) human plural Chúng nó (They) non-human

You can get away with using these basic pronouns at the beginning of your journey to acquire the Vietnamese language. These pronouns are usually used in Vietnamese textbooks to introduce you to the language for a reason: They are neutral regardless of age, and attitude. Not only that, but they also align themselves very well with the Western standard set of pronouns.

However, as you would soon notice, no native Vietnamese speakers use these pronouns on a regular basis. There are cases where they would use them such as when they want to be completely neutral (not common), or when they speak toward foreigners trying to learn Vietnamese.

If you want to sound naturally like a native, please refer to my next lesson on Pronouns in Vietnamese (Intermediate) lesson.

#Basic #Pronouns #DaiTuNhanXung #ĐạiTừNhânXưng #ĐạiTừXưngHô #DaiTuXungHo

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