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The Frequency of Actions In Vietnamese

Expressing the frequency of actions in Vietnamese is actually quite similar to English. One of the ways you can do this is through the adverbs of frequency. Let's look at some new vocabulary and examples.

Note: You can highlight the Vietnamese text to listen to it. luôn (always) Tôi luôn đánh răng trước khi đi ngủ. (I always brush my teeth before going to sleep.) hay (usually) Mẹ tôi hay ăn cơm vì mẹ tôi là người Việt Nam. (My mother usually eats rice because she is Vietnamese.) thường (often) Mình thường đi làm lúc 9 giờ sáng. (I often go to work at 9 o'clock in the morning.) thỉnh thoảng (sometimes) Hoa thỉnh thoảng thích ăn sô-cô-la. (Hoa sometimes likes to eat chocolate.) lâu lâu (seldom) Tôi lâu lâu muốn ở một mình. (I seldom want to be by myself.) hiếm khi (rarely) Bạn hiếm khi đi Việt Nam chơi phải không? (You rarely go to Vietnam to travel, right?) không bao giờ (never) Tôi không bao giờ muốn ăn sầu riêng nữa. (I never want to eat durian again.)

Also, to ask for the frequency of actions in Vietnamese, similarly to "how often" in English, we can say bao giờ. Bao giờ literally means "ever". You can put bao giờ before the sentence, or before the verb. Let's look at some examples.

Note: You can highlight the Vietnamese text to listen to it. Bao giờ em đi xem phim ở rạp? (How often do you go to the movies?) Bạn bao giờ ăn sầu riêng? (How often do you eat durian?)

Besides the adverbs of frequency, you can also use specific number of frequency, too. To use it, follow these structures:

  • [number] lần + một [period of time] OR

  • một [period of time] + [number] lần

Lần literally means "occurence" in Vietnamese, as in one time, two times, three times, four times, five times, etc.

Note: You can highlight the Vietnamese text to listen to it. Tôi lái xe hơi một tuần năm lần. (I drive the car five times a week.) Chồng mình ăn thức ăn nhanh khoảng hai lần một tháng. (My husband eats fastfood about twice a month.)

That's it! Now that you know how to ask and answer how often you do something, go forth and practice! Let me know in the comments below if you find other ways to express the frequency of actions.

#luon #hay #thuong #thinhthoang #laulau #hiemkhi #khongbaogio #baogio #always #usually #often #sometimes #seldom #rarely #hardlyever #ever #never #frequency #lan

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